Kumba COVID-19 Antigen Muedzo: Zvaunofanira Kuziva

Wirecutter inotsigira vaverengi.Paunenge uchitenga kuburikidza nekubatanidza pane webhusaiti yedu, isu tinogona kugamuchira affiliate komisheni.dzidza zvimwe
Kune iyo yakaderera-njodzi COVID-19 bvunzo, yekukurumidza antigen bvunzo inopa inokurumidza uye iri nyore nzira yekuongorora yeSARS-CoV-2 kumba.Izvo zvinonyanya kubatsira kana iwe uchiziva kana kufungidzira kuti wakafumurwa coronavirus asi usingakwanise kuwana bvunzo dzehunyanzvi (kana kumirira mhinduro).
Iyo FDA-yakatenderwa imba antigen yekuongorora bvunzo inogona kuona inoshanda COVID-19 hutachiona, kusanganisira asymptomatic vanhu, mukati memaminitsi gumi nemashanu.Pakazere, bvunzo idzi hadzina kusimba senge molecular diagnostic bvunzo dzinoitwa mumarabhoritari.Zvakangodaro, mhedzisiro yebvunzo yeantigen yemumba inogona kupa imwe data - kana isina kurodzwa zvachose - nezve mamiriro emunhu COVID-19, kunyanya kana iwe uchiyedza nguva dzose.Zvichienderana nemamiriro ako ezvinhu, zvingave zvine musoro kuve nemimwe yeiyi miedzo iripo.
Rangarira, mhedzisiro yakaipa hazvireve hazvo kuti munhu haana COVID-19, uye iyi bvunzo haifanirwe kushandiswa seyo chete nzira yekuongorora.Dr. Matthew McCarthy, mumwe purofesa wezvemishonga paWeill Cornell School of Medicine, akati: “Kuongororwa kweAntigen inzira yakachipa uye iri nyore yekuziva vanhu vangangotapukira.”Kune vanhu vasina nhoroondo inozivikanwa yeCCIDID-19 kufumurwa, "kana Uri kuenda kuKutenda, uko kune vanhu makumi maviri uye vakabaiwa vese, unogona kuita antigen test usati waenda kuti uve nechokwadi chekuti hauna kuunza hutachiona. bato,” akadaro, achitaura zvingangoshandiswa.
Zvinogona zvakare kuve zvakakodzera kuita kukurumidza antigen bvunzo usati wasangana nevanhu vanogona kubatwa zvakanyanya nehutachiona.Dr. Claire Rock, chiremba wechirwere chechirwere chekiriniki paJohns Hopkins University School of Medicine, akati: "Kunyange vanhu vakabayiwa zvizere vangangoda kutora imwe yeiyi bvunzo dzepamba vasati vapedza nguva naambuya," vanomhanyisa kambani yeCCIDID-19 yekudzivirira hutachiona. .
COVID-19 antigen kuyedzwa kumba kunogona kuve nyore uye nekukurumidza.Hapana chikonzero chekumirira kusangana (kana kuodha kiti netsamba uye sampuli dzengarava) uye wozomirira mhedzisiro yekuongororwa kwema molecular diagnostic.Nekuita antigen bvunzo kumba, unogona kazhinji kutora maminetsi gumi nemashanu kubva paswab kuenda kune mhedzisiro.Miedzo iyi inowanzoita nyore kuita, uye unogona kuverenga zvabuda nemaoko (sekushandisa bvunzo yekuzvitakura pamba) kana digitally (uchishandisa app).
Iyo COVID-19 antigen bvunzo haina kusimba senge mamolecular diagnostics.Kusiyana neiyo molecular diagnostic test yeCCIDID-19, inosanganisira kukwidziridza hutachiona nucleic acid kusvika padanho riri nyore kuona, iyo antigen bvunzo inogona kuona twuhutachiona husina kukwidziridzwa, saka hazvisi nyore kuona zviratidzo zvidiki.(Usavhiringa bvunzo dzeantigen nedziviriro yemasoja ekudzivirira chirwere. Mushonga wemasoja ekudzivirira chirwere wakagadzirirwa kuona masoja ekudzivirira chirwere anorwisa utachiona uye haashandiswe pakuongorora.)
Kunyangwe kuyedza antigen yekumba isiri benzi, kana uchinge waona anoshanda COVID-19 makesi, kunyangwe mamorekuru nzira dzekuongorora senge goridhe yakajairwa PCR bvunzo hadzisi dzakakwana, nekuti mhedzisiro inoenderana, pakati pezvimwe zvinhu, nguva yebvunzo..Kana wakaipukuta nguva isati yakwana mushure mekusangana, mhinduro yako inogona kunge isina hutachiona kunyangwe uine hutachiona.Mushure mekunge usisatapurirane, unogona zvakare kugamuchira mhedzisiro yePCR yakanaka.
Clinical epidemiologist Rock akataura kuti kana zvichienzaniswa nekuongororwa kwemamolecular eCCIDID-19, maantigen bvunzo "haanyanyi kuomesesa kana tichida kuziva kana paine hutachiona diki, asi kana tichihutsvaga, hunobatika" ona Kuti uone. kana paine mwero wakati weutachiona, tinofanira kunetseka kuti mumwe munhu achatapurira vamwe.”

"Tinowanzokurudzira kuyedza mazuva matatu kusvika mashanu mushure mekuratidzwa." - Dr.Matthew McCarthy, Weill Cornell Chikoro cheMishonga
Kurongeka kwebvunzo yeantigen yemba kunoenderana nechikamu pakunzwa kwebvunzo (kugona kweshumo rekuyedza kuona chokwadi chechokwadi), kujeka kwebvunzo (kugona kweshumo kuona zvakaipa zvechokwadi), uye kutendeseka kwemuenzaniso ( kana swab ine samples dzakakwana kana swabs Mushonga wacho wakasvibiswa neimwe pathogen), zvisinei nekuti mirairo yemugadziri yakatevedzwa zvizere, nguva kubva pakupedzisira kuzivikanwa kana kufungidzirwa kubata uye/kana kutanga kwezviratidzo, uye huwandu hwehutachiona pa nguva yekuedzwa.(Idzi bvunzo parizvino dzakatenderwa kune vanhu vadiki semakore maviri, kunze kwekunge chero samples dzevana dzinowanikwa nekugadziriswa nevakuru.)
Kune bvunzo dzakatariswa kubvumidzwa kushandiswa kwekukurumidzira, mugadziri webvunzo anofanirwa kuendesa data rekiriniki kuFDA kuratidza kunzwira uye kujeka kwebvunzo.Zvimwe zvidzidzo zvakazvimirira zvakaratidza kuti kunzwisiswa uye kujeka kwemamwe maantigen bvunzo akadzikira, kunyanya kana achishandiswa muvanhu vasina asymptomatic.(Parizvino kune inotengeswa SARS-CoV-2 molecular diagnostic test iyo yakatenderwa neFDA uye inogona kushandiswa kumba kuti ishandiswe nechimbichimbi, zvinoreva kuti haufanirwe kutumira masampuli kurabhoritari kunoongororwa: Lucira COVID. -19 All- In-One Test Kit. Zvichienzaniswa nemamwe FDA-akatenderwa epamba antigen bvunzo, ine sensitivity yakakwira zvishoma (95.2%) uye inogona kupa mhinduro mukati memaminitsi makumi matatu. Zvisinei, parizvino haisi kuwanikwa pawebhusaiti yaLucira neAmazon. yakambotengeswa.)
Panguva yekuburitswa, zvaive zvakaoma kuwana bvunzo dzeantigen dzekumba nekuti kuvhiya kwemakesi eCCIDID-19 kwakakonzera kuwanda kwekuda kwavo.Kana usingavawane pamhepo, ndapota fonera chitoro chemishonga chako (iyi bvunzo dzinowanzo kuwanikwa kumberi kwedhesiki).
Abbott BinaxNow COVID-19 antigen self-test sensitivity: 84.6% (PDF) (mukati memazuva manomwe mushure mekutanga kwezviratidzo) Kujeka: 98.5% (PDF) (mukati memazuva manomwe mushure mekutanga kwezviratidzo) Muedzo unosanganisira: mari mbiri: $24 Kuwanikwa: Amazon, CVS, Walmart
Ellume COVID-19 kumba bvunzo (application inodiwa) Sensitivity: 95% (PDF) Kunyatsojeka: 97% (PDF) Muedzo unosanganisira: 1 Mutengo: $35 Kuwanikwa: Amazon, CVS, Target
Quidel QuickVue Kumba COVID-19 Muedzo Sensitivity: 84.8% (PDF) Kujeka: 99.1% (PDF) Muedzo unosanganisira: mitengo miviri: $25 Kuwanikwa: Amazon, Walmart
Kiyi yekuwana yakavimbika antigen bvunzo mhinduro kuyedza nguva nenguva."Kuramba uchiyedzwa kunogona kuwedzera kunzwa," akadaro Christoper Brooke, nyanzvi yezvirwere zvinotapukira paYunivhesiti yeIllinois kuUrbana-Champaign."Kusawirirana kwebvunzo mbiri dzisina kunaka mushure mekutapukirwa kwakadzikira pane kusawirirana kwebvunzo imwe chete isina kunaka."
Iyo antigen test yepamba yeAbbott, Ellume naQuidel haidi kuti swab isndirwe mumhango yenasopharyngeal, yaungasangana nayo panzvimbo yekuongororwa kwekiriniki, asi inoda kupinza zvishoma kwepakati pemhino.Muedzo wega wega une mirairo chaiyo uye unotoda kuti upukute mhino yako, nyudza swab mumhinduro, woendesa imwe mhinduro mumudziyo diki, womirira mhedzisiro.
Mushure memaminitsi gumi nemashanu, unogona kuverenga zvakabuda zveAbbott BinaxNow uye Quidel QuickVue bvunzo, sekuverenga bvunzo yemimba yekumba: mitsara miviri inoratidza mhedzisiro uye mutsetse mumwe (kutonga) unoratidza mhedzisiro.Mutsetse wechipiri wakapera simba unogona kuramba uchiratidza mhedzisiro.Muedzo wepamba weEllume COVID-19 unoda kubatanidza neBluetooth kunharembozha kuti ipe mhinduro mukati memaminitsi gumi nemashanu kuburikidza neanoshanda naye (iOS, Android).Zvinoenderana negwara rekuvanzika rekambani, Ellume inofanirwa kupa vakuru vehutano hweveruzhinji zuva rekuzvarwa kwemushandisi uye nekwavanogara nekodhi yepositi, mhinduro dzebvunzo, zuva rebvunzo, uye rumwe ruzivo rwunobvira rwunodiwa nemutemo.
Sezvinoita zvese zvekuongororwa kweCCIDID-19 (kusanganisira PCR kuyedzwa), nguva yekuunganidza yemasamples ekupedzisira kuzivikanwa kana kufungidzira kuratidzwa uye/kana kutanga kwechiratidzo ndicho chinhu chikuru chinokanganisa kurongeka kwebvunzo dzeantigen kumba.Semuenzaniso, ndosaka Abbott's BinaxNOW uye Quidel's QuickVue test suites dzichiuya nemiedzo miviri yakagadzirirwa kushandiswa mazuva maviri kusvika matatu akaparadzana.
"Kunzwa kwebvunzo kunoenderana nekuti unoishandisa riini," akadaro Daniel Larremore, mubatsiri purofesa wesainzi yekombuta paYunivhesiti yeColorado kuBoulder, akashandisa bvunzo dzemamorekuru uye antigen kutevedzera mhedzisiro yekudzokororwa kuongororwa muvanhu vasina asymptomatic.Hutachiona hwemunhu ane hutachiwana hunochinja nekufamba kwenguva."Paunosvika pahuwandu hwehutachiwana hwakakwana, huwandu hweantigen huchave hwakakwana kuti uedze."Kuzviyedza wega zuva rapedza kuenda kumabiko nemunhu anga asingazive kuti aive neCCIDID-19 panguva iyoyo hazvigone kubatsira."Hapana bvunzo ichave yakanaka kwemaawa makumi maviri nemana mushure mekuratidzwa," Larremore akadaro.Kana iwe ukamirira yakawandisa bvunzo, unogona kupotsa peak antigen concentration, zvinoreva kuti kana bvunzo ikaona SARS-CoV-2 antigen mune yako sampuli, iwe unofanirwa kuona yakasviba mutsara.
"Tinowanzokurudzira kuyedza mazuva matatu kusvika mashanu mushure mekuratidzwa," akadaro McCarthy weWeill Cornell University.Kana uine zviratidzo zvakafanana neCCIDID-19, haufanire kumirira bvunzo.
Kana usina chokwadi kana kuvhiringika nezve mhedzisiro yeimba yako COVID-19 antigen bvunzo, ndapota bvunza chiremba wako.Kana iwe uchifanira kutsvaga inosimbisa ma molecular test zvinoenderana nemamiriro ako ezvinhu.Larremore akati vanhu vanofanirwa kubata yakanaka antigen test mhedzisiro seyakanaka, kunyanya kana zvimwe zvinhu (sezvinogoneka kuratidzwa kana kutaridzika kwezviratidzo) zvichitsigira mhedzisiro.Izvi zvinoreva kugara wega, kunyevera chero vaunosangana navo, uye pamwe nekutsvaga bvunzo dzemurabhoritari kuratidza mhedzisiro.Tsvaka kurapwa kwezviratidzo sezvinodiwa.Sekureva kwaMcCarthy weWeill Cornell, kana mumwe munhu aine yakaderera mwero wekufungira COVID-19 (semuenzaniso, ivo vane asymptomatic, vanobaiwa, uye / kana vasina kuzivikanwa kuratidzwa).
Kuwana bvunzo yePCR inoitwa nerabhoritari ndiyo yakanakisa sarudzo yekunyatso ongorora COVID-19, asi kuonana kunogona kunetsa kuwana, uye dzimwe nguva "zvinotora nguva yakareba kuti uwane mhedzisiro, asi mhedzisiro yacho haina basa," akadaro Brooke. yeAmerican University.Illinois."Sezvineiwo, munhu wese achaita bvunzo dzePCR nguva nenguva uye otaura mhinduro nekukurumidza, asi zviri pachena kuti hazvigoneke.Antigen bvunzo kazhinji ndiyo yega sarudzo inoshanda, saka vanogona kuita basa mukuwedzera frequency uye chiyero chekuyedzwa kwehuwandu hwese.Basa rakakosha zvikuru. "
Iyo "yakanakisa" jira mask ndiyo yawaizopfeka (kwete kupokana).Heano maitiro ekutsvaga mask inokodzera, mafirita zvakanaka uye akanyatsogadzikana.
Iyo yakanakisa mask yevana ndiyo yavachapfeka uye yavanogaropfeka.Tinokurudzira zvigadzirwa zvitanhatu zvakasununguka, zvinofema uye zvakakodzera mazera ese.
Iyo yakasununguka mask inogona kukonzera fogging yemagirazi.Kana iwe usingade kunamira kumusoro kwemaski kumeso kwako, anti-mhute kudonha kunogona kubatsira.(Saka anogona sipo kana mate.)


Nguva yekutumira: Sep-17-2021